LUCIS What's New Lecture
Constructing Belonging: Youth Inclusions and Exclusions in the Omani Labour Market
- 9 May 2019
- Free to visit, drinks after
- What's New?! Spring Lecture Series
2311 BD Leiden
The Gulf millennial is often lost in stories of migration, of economic transformation, and change in oil economies. Studies of labour almost entirely ignore Gulf citizens, outside passing remarks on their concentration in the public sector and weak representation in the private sector. Yet forces of inclusion and exclusion play across both national and expatriate divides in Gulf economies. This talk examines shifting notions of economic belonging and citizenship in the Sultanate of Oman.
Nationals in Oman may have citizenship and permanence in the country, but are marginalised in economic production by their weak representation in the private sector. Non-nationals, although comprising the majority of private-sector workers, in many ways ‘belong’ in different sectors of the private sector yet have no political claim on permanence in the country. The divisions within these groups construct different senses of belonging and not belonging, resulting in tenuous economic citizenship and practices of othering. These patterns can have serious repercussions on future stability during times of economic crisis. This lecture interrogates economic citizenship among Omani millennials. The presented findings not only shed light on the competing pressures in the governance of Gulf labour markets, but also contribute to scholarly understandings of economic citizenship and Gulf labour-market complexities in a globalised context.
About Crystal Ennis
Crystal A. Ennis is a scholar of Global Political Economy whose current work examines the political economy of dependency on hydrocarbon revenue and foreign labour in Gulf economies. She has projects on Omani youth in the labour market, unemployment & entrepreneurship in Gulf economies, migration governance, Gulf-Asia relations, and rising powers.
Crystal received her PhD from the University of Waterloo, Canada where she was trained in the fields of Global Governance and Global Political Economy. She has worked at Leiden University since 2014 where she teaches in International Relations and Middle East studies programmes. Crystal’s publications have appeared in New Political Economy, Global Social Policy, Third World Quarterly, and the Cambridge Review of International Affairs, among others.