Universiteit Leiden

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Lecture

Joan van der Waals colloquium

Date
Friday 1 March 2019
Time
Explanation
Drinks afterwards (17.00h)
Location
Oort
Niels Bohrweg 2
2333 CA Leiden
Room
De Sitterzaal

A dynamic picture of photovoltaic energy conversion

 

Organic and hybrid semiconductors offer many advantages for photovoltaic energy conversion. This has motivated intense research into the basic processes that govern fundamental processes in these devices. An increasing number of experimental and theoretical reports show a correlation between phonon modes, charge delocalization, and the separation of photogenerated excitons.  In this talk, evidence demonstrating dynamic charge separation in solar cells is discussed more generally in light of recent results from the theory of open quantum systems. These theoretical results point to the need for a self-oscillating internal degree of freedom, acting as a microscopic piston in order to explain how a solar cell behaves as a heat engine, producing an inexhaustible photovoltage and photocurrent under illumination. The dynamic picture of photovoltaic energy conversion opens up new possibilities for the design and development of efficient new energy transducers.

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