Becoming Indios: Genealogy, Landscape and Political Subjectivity in the Zaña Valley, Peru, 15th-18th Centuries CE
- Parker VanValkenburgh
- 26 October 2018
- Van Steenis
2333 CC Leiden
In this paper, Parker VanValkenburg explores the legacies of the Spanish forced resettlement of indigenous peoples in colonial Peru (reducción). Drawing on archaeological research at the site of Carrizales in Peru's Zaña valley, he begins by examining the immediate impacts of resettlement on indigenous lifeways. He demonstrates that native peoples rapidly and drastically transformed their food-collection and preparation strategies in the wake of resettlement, sedimenting new relationships with the landscape and with imperial institutions. He then draws on regional archaeological survey and archival research to examine the long-term consequences of reducción in the 17th and 18th centuries, focusing in particular on the unanticipated consequences of environmental and social change.
Based on these results, he ultimately suggests that a genealogical approach to landscape – one that traces the winding path of engagement between peoples, environments and political institutions – offers a much richer account of imperial politics than one that focuses only on brief, violent flashes of political encounters.