Transnational Activist Networks and South-South Finance: The Brazilian National Development Bank
- Professor K. Hochstetler
- Friday 4 May 2018
- P.J. Veth
2311 VJ Leiden
How do transnational advocacy networks influence international development finance? In the 1980s, transnational activists shaped the World Bank’s lending by increasing its transparency and limiting its socio-environmental impacts. Developing countries can now look towards rising economic powers’ national development banks to finance their infrastructure and energy projects. These banks' weak transparency and socio-environmental standards pose a new challenge for transnational activism. Can activists leverage strategies used in World Bank reform to influence emerging power national development banks? We argue that the shift from a supranational to a national target institution shapes the deployment and effectiveness of activist influence strategies. We illustrate our argument by exploiting variation in the success across campaigns of a transnational network created to reform the Brazilian National Development Bank.
About the Speaker: Kathryn Hochstetler is Professor of International Development at the London School of Economics and Political Science. She has published widely on the relationship between environment, development, and democracy from national to South American to global levels. Her most recent book is the prize-winning Greening Brazil: Environmental Activism in State and Society (Duke University Press, with Margaret Keck).