Chemical Biology Lecture: Targeting different active sites of the proteasome for the treatment of solid tumors
- Dr. Alexei Kisselev (Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, USA)
- 19 April 2018
- Science Campus
2333 CC Leiden
Proteasome inhibitors like carfilzomib (Cfz) and bortezomib (Btz) are used successfully to treat multiple myeloma, but have not shown clinical efficacy in solid tumors. Here we show that clinically achievable inhibition of the ß5 site of the proteasome by Cfz and Btz does not result in loss of viability of triple-negative breast cancer cell lines. We use site-specific inhibitors and CRISPR-mediated genetic inactivation of ß1 and ß2 to demonstrate that inhibiting a second site of the proteasome, particularly the ß2 site, sensitizes cell lines to Btz and Cfz in vitro and in vivo. Inhibiting both ß5 and ß2 suppresses production of the soluble, active form of the transcription factor Nrf1 and prevents the recovery of proteasome activity through induction of new proteasomes. These findings provide a strong rationale for the development of dual ß5 and ß2 inhibitors for the treatment of solid tumors.