Universiteit Leiden

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(Re)constructing Indigenous Landscape in the Caribbean

Thursday 9 November 2017
Van Steenis
Einsteinweg 2
2333 CC Leiden

Using spatial statistics to understand distributional patterns in non-systematic data

The understanding of past landscape in archaeology is a challenge both from a theoretical and a methodological perspective.

The challenge increase when attempting to combine contemporary landscape theories to methods based on spatial statistics and Geographical Information Systems, within a context of data collected by mainly using an opportunistic field methodology. However demanding this may be, an integration of the mentioned aspects was carried out in the northcentral part of the indigenous island of Hayti (called by Columbus Hispaniola).

In this presentation I will focus on debating the conceptualization, definition and visualization of the spatial analysis applied to an archaeological (sites and material culture) and environmental data base, as well as highlighting the most relevant results. In general terms, the results of the spatial statistical analyses showed a complex and multiscalar patterning for the region, not yet fully understood by previous research. In addition, this pattern combined with landscape theories allowed the (re)construction of past indigenous landscape in the study region.

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