Internal phoneme-monitoring versus Picture-naming in studies of speech-production planning
- Pierre Hallé (CNRS and Paris 3)
- Juan Segui (CNRS and Paris 5)
- Laura Manoiloff (University of Cordoba, Argentina)
- Friday 29 September 2017
- Language and Cognition Group meetings
- Van Wijkplaats 4
2311 BX Leiden
We begin with a coarse review of the speech-production planning literature, with particular reference to Willem Levelt’s model of speech production. Crucial issues, still debated today in the framework of this model, are about the question of how a concrete articulatory (or “phonetic”) plan (or program) is built from an abstract coding of the utterances to be produced. How does the construction of the articulatory plan unfold over time? What is the nature of the representations that underlie its construction? These issues (and others) have often been addressed using the picture-naming paradigm.
We report four studies we have conducted recently using an internal phoneme-monitoring paradigm as an alternative to picture-naming. In one study, we replicate the classic lexical frequency effect. In a second, pilot study, we directly compare picture-naming and internal phoneme-monitoring. The data suggest that naming is sensitive to the low-level articulatory properties of the names to produce, whereas phoneme-monitoring abstracts away from these properties. In a third study, we replicate a less studied repetition priming effect with subliminal printed primes. We argue this effect is phonological in nature but its locus is at a more abstract level than the “phonetic plan” level. In the fourth study we replicate the effect of faster monitoring times for syllables than phonemes that has been robustly found in overt speech perception (e.g., faster detection of /te/ than /t/ in table). To summarize these data, we propose that internal monitoring in production closely parallels monitoring in overt speech perception and taps onto a rather abstract level of phonological representation.