Universiteit Leiden

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Cyber Diplomacy After the UN GGE

Tuesday 26 September 2017
Diplomacy and Global Affairs Research Seminar Series 2017
Turfmarkt 99
2511 DP The Hague


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About the lecture

For two decades, negotiations of a possible cyber security framework were discussed behind closed doors under the auspices of the UN Disarmament and International Security Committee. Five consecutive Groups of Governmental Experts (UN GGE) have worked to settle standards of responsible State behaviour in cyberspace amidst strategic contestation in and around the cyber domain. From the proposed ban of information wars and weapons, the agenda was moulded into a more general treaty proposal and finally rounded to a discussion of the applicability of existing international law and offering of new non-binding norms, rules and principles.

2017 is a watershed year for cyber diplomacy. On the one hand, international negotiations offer little prospect for a meaningful settlement, considering the diverging strategic interests and perspectives among States with regard to the use and development of ICTs and related technologies. On the other hand, in the light of troubling cyber incidents, there is acute need for more predictability and certainty of behaviour in cyberspace. Furthermore, several intergovernmental and corporate cyber norm entrepreneurs are entering the scene, pushing their propositions in word and in action.

This lecture will discuss ways forward with a more inclusive cyber norms dialogue that would accommodate the cyber super powers’ interests and ambitions, small agile technological powers’ aspirations and the developing world’s hesitations. It will introduce the key actors and their agendas in the process and analyse strategies and techniques that leading normative powers have adopted to move the agenda to the direction of their preference.

About the speaker

Dr Eneken Tikk is Senior Fellow of The Hague Cyber Norms Platform at Leiden University, where her work focuses on developing a digest of scholarly and governmental thought on how normative instruments can be applied to issues of international cyber security. She also serves as Senior Adviser to the ICT4Peace Foundation, advising and supporting governments and professionals on international cyber security diplomacy, policy and strategy.
Eneken’s previous assignments include a senior fellowship on international cybersecurity with the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), 2012-2017; and legal and policy advisory role at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCD COE) in Tallinn, Estonia, 2006-2011. She has worked as an attorney in the field of information technology, focusing on EU regulations and standards for security of private and national information systems.
Dr Tikk has consulted Estonian public authorities on legal and policy issues related to deploying and managing national information systems and services. She has also served as adviser to the Estonian expert in three consecutive UN Groups of Governmental Experts on International Information Security (UN GGE) (2012-2013; 2014-2015; 2016-2017).
Eneken holds a PhD in law from the University of Tartu in Estonia. Additionally, she is conducting post-doctoral studies on the Internet of Things and emerging technologies at Cardiff University. Dr Tikk has served as international research associate at the Georgetown University Center for Law, Technology and Security and has long teaching experience at Tallinn Technical University and Faculty of Law of the University of Tartu.

About the seminars

Diplomacy and Global Affairs (DGA) Research Seminar Series is a series launched by the Research Group on Diplomacy and Global Affairs at the Institute of Security and Global Affairs. The seminars of internationally acknowledged guest researchers and faculty members deal with current research topics in diplomacy, international relations, global affairs, and political economy broadly conceived and target a broad audience through their interdisciplinary focus.

Cyber Diplomacy After the UN GGE

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