Gavruni modal verbs, impersonal constructions and locative prepositions
- Thursday 17 August 2017
Matthias de Vrieshof
Matthias de Vrieshof 4
2311 BZ Leiden
Gavruni (also called Gabri or Zoroastrian Dari) is the language spoken by the Zoroastrians of Yazd; it was also the language of the Zoroastrians of Kerman until it gradually fell out of use among them during the second part of the twentieth century. It has been studied since 1853 (BERÉSINE 1853) classified as a Central (Western) dialect by WINDFUHR 1989. Recent work on this language includes a book by GHOLAMI AND FARAHMAND book on the Kermāni dialect which was published in 2016. Apart from very peculiar lexical features, and a rich dialectalisation (around 30 dialects and subdialects, cf GHOLAMI 2016), the grammar of the Gavruni language is of particular interest for Iranian studies, especially its verb system. In the present study I will focus on showing how Gavruni modals work and compare them with modals in other Western Iranian languages. The corpora used will be the Niknam corpus (recorded in Yazd in the 1990s) and my own corpus recorded in Yazd in 2015, refered to as BERNARD , along with the paradigms presented in MAZDAPOUR 1995.
Berésine, Ilya Nikolaevich, Recherches sur les Dialectes persans, Casan, 1853.
Gholami, Saloumeh, “Zoroastrians of Iran vi. linguistic documentation” in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition, 2016, accessed on 31 January 2017.
Gholami, Saloumeh, and Farahmand, Armita, Zoroastrian Dari (Behdini) in Kerman, Girona, Estudios Iranios y Turanios, 2016.
Lecoq, Pierre, Recherches sur les dialectes kermaniens (Iran Central), Louvain/Paris, Peeters, 2002.
Malchukov, Andrej and Ogawa, Akio, “Towards a typology of impersonal constructions” in Impersonal Constructions, a Cross-Linguistic Perspective, Malchukov and siwierska (ed.), Amsterdam, Philadelphia, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2011.
MAZDAPOUR, Katāyun, Vāže-nāme-ye guyeš-e Behdinān-e šahr-e Yazd (vol. I), Tehran, Pažuhešgāh-e ’Ulum-e Ensāni va Motale’āt-e Farhangi, 1995.
Siwierska, Anna, “Overlap and complementarity in reference impersonals: Man-constructions vs. third person plural-impersonals in the languages of Europe” in Impersonal Constructions, a Cross-Linguistic Perspective, Malchukov and siwierska (ed.), Amsterdam, Philadelphia, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2011.
Windfuhr, Gernot, “Behdinān Dialect”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, T.IV, Chap. Fasc.1, p. 105-108, 1989.