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LCN2 Seminar: Systemic instability in networks

  • Rick Quax
Date
24 March 2017
Time
Address
Science Campus
Einsteinweg 55
2333 CC Leiden
Room
Science club

Speaker: Rick Quax (University of Amsterdam)
Title: Quantifying systemic instability in networks using information dissipation

A network of ‘agents’ can generate a complex systemic behavior. Examples include human cognition emerging from a network of neural cells, ecosystems from food webs, and cellular regulatory processes from protein-protein interactions. A first important question is: which agents are the ‘drivers’ of the systemic behavior? A second question is: can we detect emergent phenomena, particularly ‘criticality’ (susceptibility to small perturbations)? We address these questions using the concept of ‘information dissipation’ which we are developing. This is the idea that Shannon information is first stored in an agent’s state, and then percolates through the network due to the agent-agent interactions. I will present recent work on addressing the above questions through analytical results, computational modeling, and finally real data analysis of financial derivatives data around the Lehman Brothers collapse.

Based on the following articles:
http://www.nature.com/articles/srep01898
http://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/10/88/20130568

 

About the LCN2 seminar: This talk is part of a series of seminars organized within an ongoing scientific initiative called "Leiden Complex Networks Network (LCN2), which aims at bringing together scientists with a common interest in both theoretical models and empirical analyses of complex networks and random graphs. The LCN2 community that is being established shares the approach of using networks for describing real-world complex systems and aims at developing related analytical and numerical methods, while also being open to other research approaches for studying complex systems. The talks are designed for a broad audience, allowing for constructive exchanges of ideas between scientists from different disciplines. After the talk, some drinks and simple snacks are provided.