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PhD Defence

Egypt beyond representation

Thursday 16 March 2017
Academy Building
Rapenburg 73
2311 GJ Leiden

Materials and materiality of Aegyptiaca Romana

This research develops and applies a new approach to study Aegyptiaca Romana from a bottom-up, Roman perspective. Current approaches to these objects are often still plagued by top-down projections of modern definitions and understandings of Egypt and Egyptian material culture onto the Roman world. Egypt beyond representation instead argues that these artefacts should be studied in their own right, without reducing them from the onset to fixed (Egyptian) meanings. Starting from a novel focus on the materials and materiality of a selection of stone Aegyptiaca from Rome, and by combining archaeological and archaeometric perspectives, this study shows that, while Egyptianness may have been among Roman associations, these objects were able to do much more than merely representing notions of Egypt.

Sander Müskens holds a master in Classical and Mediterranean Archaeology from Leiden University (cum laude). In 2010, he started his PhD research within the NWO-funded VIDI project “Cultural Innovation in a Globalising Society: Egypt in the Roman World”. As of September 2016, he has been appointed as postdoctoral researcher and lecturer at Leiden University.


  • Prof. M.J. Versluys
  • Prof. P. Degryse (KU Leuven)


PhD defences are free; you do not have to register.

PhD dissertations

PhD dissertations by Leiden PhD students are available digitally after the defence through the Leiden Repository, that offers free access to these PhD dissertations. Please note that in some cases a dissertation may be under embargo temporarily and access to its full-text version will only be granted later.

Press contact

Inès van Arkel, Scientific Communications Adviser, Leiden University
+31 71 527 3282

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