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Lecture

Who Pays the Price: Civilian Control in Ottoman-Turkish Counterinsurgency

Date
13 October 2016
Time
Series
WHAT's NEW?! Fall Lecture Series
Location
Lipsius
Cleveringaplaats 1
2311 BD Leiden
Room
Lipsius 003

Who Pays the Price: Civilian Control in Ottoman-Turkish Counterinsurgency

Drawing on original data and evidence, this talk examines Ottoman-Turkish counterinsurgency practices. It shows that the main response of the Turkish state to insurgency has been civilian control. I develop the argument in two parts. The first demonstrates with empirical detail that current practices of the Turkish government such as curfews and special security zones in southeast Anatolia target civilians rather insurgents. The second part tracks counterinsurgency practices back in time and suggests that Ottoman-Turkish counterinsurgency vision has focused primarily on population control. In my discussion, I particularly emphasize special administrative regions and the Turkish state’s concerted efforts in cultivating local alliances to deny solidarity to the target community, the Kurds. Rather than eliminating insurgents, both policies facilitated the mistreatment of civilians by violating individual rights and establishing a regime of discrimination.

About Cem Emrence

Cem Emrence is a comparative-historical sociologist with interests in state formation, violence, and collective mobilization. His research focuses on modern Turkey and the larger Middle East and provides historically nuanced applications of path dependency idea to unveil sub-national routes to state formation, social mobilization and political violence. Two recent books have come of out this research agenda: Remapping the Ottoman Middle East: Modernity, Imperial Bureaucracy and the Islamic State (I.B. Tauris, 2012), and, co-authored with Aysegul Aydin, Zones of Rebellion: Kurdish Rebels and the Turkish State, which was published by Cornell University Press in 2015. Cem holds a Ph.D. in sociology and was recently a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst.

This WHAT's NEW?! lecture will be followed by drinks in the Faculty Club (Rapenburg 73).

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