Trayectorias de (des)movilización de la sociedad civil chilena: post-trauma, gobernabilidad y neoliberalismo en la restauración democrática (1990-2010)
- Camila Jara Ibarra
- Thursday 29 September 2016
2311 GJ Leiden
- Prof. P. Silva
According to different diagnoses, the advent of democracy in Chile was characterised by a fragmentation of and crisis within social movements, due to the lack of demonstrations by civilian society and even due to an absence of civilians. Different definitions have been used to describe the gradual withdrawal of citizens from public after the end of authoritarianism, as well as their lack of presence in decision-making and in the definition of the national political agenda in the post-dictatorial phase. The aim of this study is to examine and open up debate on activation processes and the deactivation of Chilean civil society in particular, paying special attention to the period of democratic reconstruction during the four Concertación governments as a time of social demobilisation.
In the same way, this study goes into more depth and broadens academic discussion on the factors that influenced this deactivation. It poses that social demobilisation, as well as the interest in it and ways in which civil society connected with it from 1990 to 2010, were heavily influenced by traumatic post-dictatorial memories, by civil society’s relationship with the state and the paradigm of governability and, finally, by the market and logic of neoliberal modernity. The influence of political, psychological and economic factors as important inhibitors of eventual mobilising actions in the transition become, at the same time, components of this new socio-political mould. With this, new identities became possible and were also brought to light during the 2011 cycle of demonstrations.
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