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Negotiating Citizenship(s) during the Ottoman Tanzimat in Damascus

Thursday 28 April 2016
WHAT's NEW?! Spring Lecture Series
Cleveringaplaats 1
2311 BD Leiden
Lipsius 228

Conscription and taxation reforms were central to the Ottoman Tanzimat of the 19 th century. In the province of Damascus various revolts took place against these transformations. The application of these measures to non-Muslims was the subject of lengthy negotiations between state officials, religious leaders, members of local communities and foreign representatives. They were underlined by conflicting interpretations of the social contract on which to build the new Ottoman citizenship. The different communities were internally divided regarding these reforms, especially among socio-economic classes. Christians and Jews of Damascus negotiated simultaneously their relation to the state and to the institution of the millet. Eventually, the ability of Christians and Jews to avoid these two reforms as a result of foreign intervention contributed to inter-confessional tensions and even violence in the mid-19 th century. The reconstitution of these negotiations can improve our understanding of the various attempts at defining Ottoman citizenship during the Tanzimat.

About Anais Massot

Anais Massot is a Phd Student at Leiden University and the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Césor). After a BA degree in Political Science at McGill University, she obtained a Research Master in Area Studies at Leiden University and a Master in Religious Sciences at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. Her Phd research, for which she received a doctoral contract funded by Hesam Université ( Paris Nouveaux Mondes) explores inter-confessional relations and political changes in Damascus in the late 18 th and early 19 th centuries.

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