Universiteit Leiden

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Lecture

This Week’s Discoveries | 9 February 2016

Date
9 February 2016
Time
Address
Science Campus
Einsteinweg 55
2333 CC Leiden
Room
De Sitterzaal

Special lecture on the occasion of receiving an honorary doctorate from Leiden University

Title

Network Science:  From the Online World to Cancer Genomics

Speaker

Jennifer Tour Chayes (Distinguished scientist and director at Microsoft research and doctor honoris causa, Leiden university)

Abstract

Everywhere we turn these days, we find that networks can be used to describe relevant interactions.  In the high tech world, we see the Internet, the World Wide Web, mobile phone networks, and a variety of online social networks.  In economics, we are increasingly experiencing both the positive and negative effects of a global networked economy.  In epidemiology, we find disease spreading over our ever growing social networks, complicated by mutation of the disease agents. In biomedical research, we are beginning to understand the structure of gene regulatory networks, with the prospect of using this understanding to manage many human diseases.  In this talk, I look quite generally at some of the models we are using to describe these networks, processes we are studying on the networks, algorithms we have devised for the networks, and finally, methods we are developing to indirectly infer network structure from measured data.  I'll discuss in some detail particular applications to cancer genomics, applying network algorithms to suggest possible drug targets for certain kinds of cancer.