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LCN2 Seminar: Network dynamics underlying sleep-dependent memory consolidation

vrijdag 25 mei 2018
Gorlaeus Building
Einsteinweg 55
2333 CC Leiden
Science club

May 2018 seminar

Speaker: Nicolette Ognjanovski
Title: Network dynamics underlying sleep-dependent memory consolidation

Abstract:  Perhaps one of the most profound capabilities of the brain is the conversion of incoming input into singular representation that is subsequently consolidated into a lasting memory. Research over the past century has shown that sleep plays an essential, instructive role in promoting various forms of memory consolidation and also promotes plasticity in brain circuits in vivo. In mice contextual fear memory (CFM) consolidation is associated with augmented CA1 hippocampal network oscillations during post-contextual fear conditioning (CFC) rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) sleep. However, since many more patterns of activity can be generated than the number of member neurons present, this creates several problems for identifying memory-related neural representations of novel material (i.e. activity patterns reflecting memory processing) in the brain. 
Using in vivo data and various model systems, we developed Functional Network Stability (FuNS) as metric that can be used to quickly assess the global network changes over time, without being constrained by the activities of a specific set of neurons- which is critical when making comparisons across and between sleep states. We use this metric to characterizing the state-dependence of neural responses and how neural responses depend on individual changes in the network. We observe that coordinated offline reactivation of specific populations of neurons active during sleep promote subsequent recall, work that is critical for our understanding of how networks change in response to novel stimuli.

About the LCN2 seminar

This talk is part of a series of seminars organized within an ongoing scientific initiative called "Leiden Complex Networks Network (LCN2), which aims at bringing together scientists with a common interest in both theoretical models and empirical analyses of complex networks and random graphs. The LCN2 community that is being established shares the approach of using networks for describing real-world complex systems and aims at developing related analytical and numerical methods, while also being open to other research approaches for studying complex systems. The talks are designed for a broad audience, allowing for constructive exchanges of ideas between scientists from different disciplines. During and after the talk, some drinks and simple snacks are provided.

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