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Runaway slaves and heretical priests: digressions in the early ius commune

  • Dr. Guido Rossi
donderdag 17 november 2016
Kamerlingh Onnes Building
Steenschuur 25
2311 ES Leiden
B3.41 - en vanaf 18.30 uur in B0.31

Op donderdag 17 november organiseert Philips van Leyden de tweede lectio van dit collegejaar. Dr. Guido Rossi van de Edinburgh Law School zal zijn lectio houden met de titel: "Runaway slaves and heretical priests: digressions in the early ius commune”. Hij geeft hierover de volgende toelichting.

When does the legal system bestow legal validity upon an act that, as a matter of principle, should be void? Ideas have a tendency to develop in unpredictable ways. Legal ideas are no exception.

In the first book of the Digest (D.1.14.3) the medieval civil lawyers found the case of a slave who posed as a Roman citizen and was elected praetor by the unsuspecting Romans. This thorny case led to a discussion that lasted for centuries. Does the validity of the deeds necessarily depend on the validity of their source? The jurists found an answer in the canon law debate as to the jurisdiction of the heretical bishop. For the sake of the recipient of the act (for his spiritual salus), the person lacking authority could be tolerated in a position he ought not to enjoy - even the heretic. This concept of toleration had a strong influence on civil law, for it progressively led civilians to distinguish and separate the validity of the act from the validity of its source.

The purpose of these 'digressions' is to show the continuity between civil and canon law in the making of the ius commune.

Zoals gebruikelijk bent u om 17.30 uur van harte welkom op de afdeling Rechtsgeschiedenis (B3.41) voor de borrel, waarna om 18.30 uur de lezing zal aanvangen in lokaal B031.

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